(b) improving the ability to adapt to the negative effects of climate change and promoting resilience to climate change and the development of low greenhouse gas emissions so as not to endanger food production; The Paris Agreement establishes a global framework to prevent dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to a level well below 2 degrees Celsius and by making efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. It also aims to strengthen countries` capacity to cope with the effects of climate change and to assist them in their efforts. 58. Underlines the importance of developing countries` role in achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement and the need to help developing countries implement their climate plans, fully meeting synergies with the relative objectives of implementing climate change measures, the Addis Ababa Action Plan and the 2030 agenda; The EU and its member states are among the nearly 190 parties to the Paris Agreement. The EU formally ratified the agreement on 5 October 2016, allowing it to enter into force on 4 November 2016. In order for the agreement to enter into force, at least 55 countries representing at least 55% of global emissions had to file their ratification instruments. The adoption of the agreement sends a message to the world that countries are taking the fight against climate change seriously. It is a remarkable triumph that the 196 parties to the Convention have reached this agreement. 52.
Underlines that adaptation measures are an inevitable necessity for all countries if they are to minimise the negative effects and take full advantage of climate growth and sustainable development opportunities; Calls for long-term adjustment targets to be defined accordingly; stresses that developing countries, particularly developing countries least affected by climate change and small island developing states, are the most vulnerable to its harmful effects and are the least adaptable; 15. Stresses that time is crucial in joint efforts to combat climate change and to comply with the Paris Agreement; stresses that the European Union has the capacity and responsibility to lead by example and to work without delay to adapt its climate and energy targets to the agreed international objective of limiting the increase in global average temperature to less than 2oC, while moving towards limiting this increase to 1.5oC; The Paris Agreement helps us avoid an ambitious measure that would make the target well below 2 degrees unlikely. In 2018, countries will have the opportunity to review their joint efforts within the framework of the overall objectives before formally presenting their national contributions to the new agreement. This exercise is repeated every five years. Although the long-term persistent temperatures signed up to the agreement, average temperatures in the first half of 2016 were about 1.3 degrees Celsius above the 1880 average when global records began.  In 1992, President George H.W. Bush joined 107 other heads of state at the Rio Earth Summit in Brazil to adopt a series of environmental agreements, including the UNFCCC framework, which is still in force today.