The guidelines provide that the most vulnerable countries report the damage and losses they have suffered. An in-depth analysis of current and future reporting rules provides a clear picture of what can be expected from 2020. Particular attention will be paid to the transparency of the NDC process, as mutual trust is not only an essential element in the implementation of the NDCs, but also a fundamental pillar of the Paris Agreement. This is why the publication presents clear recommendations and important steps for policy makers to prepare for new transparency requirements, such as the development of a roadmap for 2024, when the first BTR is due under the NHanced Transparency Framework (ETF). In June, GIZ published the document “Next Steps in the Paris Agreement and the Katowice Climate Package.” The document provides policy makers and practitioners with guidance on key development, implementation and maintenance challenges, as well as new transparency requirements under the Paris Agreement. In terms of adaptation, the implementation guidelines clarify efforts to improve national capacity to adapt to the effects of climate change. The UNFCCC secretariat will provide a prototype public adaptation registry, as well as the prototype of the NDC registry, using a two-pronged portal: one for adaptation communication and the other for NDCs. The guidelines also include a review of institutions that support adaptation and a process to review ways to mobilize increased support for adjustment. The Katowice climate change conference also agreed that the Adjustment Fund would serve the Paris Agreement. By 2022, the Adaptation Committee will work with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to develop additional guidelines for reporting adaptation information. The “Next steps under the Paris Agreement and the Katowice Climate Package” provides policy makers with guidance on defined national contributions (NDC) and transparency enhanced (ETF) framework.
It provides a brief overview of measures that are being prepared for new transparency requirements and which reinforce climate ambitions under the Katowice Convention and the Katowice legislation. In particular, it is aimed at government officials in climate ministries and sector departments. In addition, it is recommended that a “learning by practice” approach be adopted by meeting current reporting obligations under the UNFCCC and by adopting a progressive approach to reporting, in accordance with future ETF rules, to identify and improve challenges at an early stage before they come into force. The Paris Agreement, concluded at COP 21 in December 2015 and entered into force in November 2016, is the framework for global action against climate change. It has three main objectives (Article 2): With regard to the UNDP cycle, the main steps and themes for policy makers are to implement existing commitments, formulate new NPNs or extend their timetables, and develop long-term strategies for the development of greenhouse gas emissions. With regard to transparency under the Paris Agreements, the report recommends reviewing transparency guidelines and determining what steps should be taken to comply with the ETF. In addition, capacity building on transparency is also seen as a central theme. With the “Climate Katovice” package, go to the point by reading the new document: “Next steps in the framework of the Paris Agreement and the Katowice climate package”.
As the time frames for avoiding the most severe effects of climate change are reduced, it is essential that countries put in place ambitious plans to increase the pace and scale of the transition to a low-carbon, climate-resilient economy.